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Wednesday, March 29 • 4:15pm - 5:15pm
Session 5: Emergent Technologies & PDA 2

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CiteTool: Leveraging Software Collections for Historical Research (Eric Kaltman, UC Santa Cruz)

Applying technology of Scientific Open Data to Personal Closed Data (Jean-Yves Le Meur, CERN)

Personal Data and the Personal Archive (Chelsea Gunn, University of Pittsburgh)

Using Markdown for PDA Interoperability (Jay Datema, Stony Brook University)

Presentation Details:

  • CiteTool: Leveraging Software Collections for Historical Research (Eric Kaltman, UC Santa Cruz)

    This presentation describes the purpose and functionality of the CiteTool, a prototype command-line script and web application aimed at helping software historians manage and reveal legacy applications. The CiteTool allows for the management of a personal software research collection, and provides facilities for in-browser emulation of NES, SNES, and DOS images, along with in-browser video capture and save and load state. Program state is saved according to each emulator's save state format (for NES and SNES) or in a generic JavaScript byte array (DOSBox). Each state is provided with a dedicated URL that allows for linking directly into a running program.

    The tool is currently being used in a historical exploration of the computer game DOOM as a way to compare conditions across versions and to save key locations for future historical work. Since the tool provides links to saved locations, it is also possible to share states amongst researchers in collaborative environments. The links also function as an executable citation in cases where an argument about a program’s functionality is under discussion and would benefit from first-hand execution.

    Lastly, the citation tool is a speculative one, in that it aims to show, in a limited way, the potential of more robust software archives and the ways that executable content can be leveraged in ways that other forms of embedded content, like video and images, cannot.

    The presentation will primarily consist of a run through of the system's basic features, along with some practical examples from our research in the history of DOOM as well as a few other games (time permitting). We are also willing to have this present in a demo as well.

  • Applying technology of Scientific Open Data to Personal Closed Data (Jean-Yves Le Meur, CERN)

    At CERN, the Digital Memory project is driving the creation of an OAIS Archive that should cover a wide range of content, from scientific datasets to simple web pages, still or moving images and  physics preprints. Today, parallel repositories are offering dedicated services to well established communities. Many of them rely on the Invenio open source software, so that the on-going effort to connect Invenio with the Archivematica OAIS-compliant package will enable a standard preservation within a shared store.

    The challenging question of Personal Data archiving should take advantage of the lessons learnt from the management of academic content types. Its more specific requirements should then be well identified in order to be better addressed.

    The presentation will explain how the methodology and technologies developed (partly at CERN) to preserve scientific data (like High Energy Physics) could be re-used for Personal restricted data. Existing initiatives to collect and preserve for very long term the personal data from individuals will first be reviewed, as well as a few examples of well established collective memory portals. Solutions implemented for Open data in HEP will then be compared, looking at the guiding principles and underlying technologies. Finally, a proposal to foster a solid shared platform for closed Personal Data Archive will be drafted on the model of Open Scientific Data Archives. 

  • Personal Data and the Personal Archive (Chelsea Gunn, University of Pittsburgh)

    This presentation will explore the implications of the personal data that we create about ourselves (as well as the data that is created about us) through the use of quantified self and lifelogging applications. Are these forms of personal data part of our personal archives, or do they constitute a form of ephemera, useful for the purposes of tracking progress toward a goal, but not of long-term interest? Included in this discussion is a brief overview of the programs and applications that we as individuals track our reading, water drinking, exercise, eating, and meditation habits, as well as the available methods of exporting, analyzing, or preserving this personal data for longer term use or analysis.

  • Using Markdown for PDA Interoperability (Jay Datema, Stony Brook University)

    In this presentation, I will advocate for text as an intermediate format. Following the lead of Aaron Swartz, I recommend his coauthored invention, Markdown, as a preferred format for personal digital archiving.

    Simply, Markdown is an intermediate step between text and HTML. If you're writing anything that requires a HTML link, its shortcuts are worth learning.Most web applications rely on the humble submit button. Once text goes in, it becomes part of a database backend. To extract it, it may require a set of database calls, or parsing a SQL file, or hoping that someone wrote a module to let you download what you entered.

    The only thing you can count on with born-digital projects is that you will have to migrate the content at some point. But having done digital library development for over a decade, I'd like to talk about simple text, and a problem that has a proven solution.

avatar for Henry Lowood

Henry Lowood

Curator, History of Science & Technology, Stanford University


Jay Datema

Managing Director, Bookism LLC
Jay Datema has an MBA from Binghamton University (2007), a Masters in Library and Information Science from Dominican University (1999), and a BA in Literature from Wheaton College (1995). He has worked as a reference librarian at Mann Library, Cornell University; as product and project... Read More →
avatar for Chelsea Gunn

Chelsea Gunn

Doctoral Student, University of Pittsburgh
Chelsea Gunn is a doctoral student at the University of Pittsburgh's School of Computing and Information. Previously, she has worked in a variety of archives and cultural heritage settings. Her research is grounded in personal archives, digital preservation, and professional ethi... Read More →

Eric Kaltman

University of California, Santa Cruz
Eric Kaltman is a PhD candidate in Computer Science in the Expressive Intelligence Studio at UC Santa Cruz. He is currently the project manager for the IMLS-funded Game and Metadata Citation Project, a collaboration between Stanford University Library and UCSC to further understanding... Read More →
avatar for Jean-Yves Le Meur

Jean-Yves Le Meur

Jean-Yves Le Meur is currently the Project leader of CERN's Digital Memory project, after having launched and managed CERN Document Server and its underlying open source Institutional Repository software - Invenio - for many years.

Wednesday March 29, 2017 4:15pm - 5:15pm PDT
Bishop Auditorium Lathrop Library, Stanford University 518 Memorial Way Stanford, CA 94305